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If you attempt to start the CrashPlan app and it gets stuck on the CrashPlan splash screen displaying the error, "Unable to connect to backup engine, retry?", this article can help troubleshoot the issue. This error usually occurs because the Code42 service is not running.
Under The Hood
The CrashPlan app consists of two parts:
- Graphical user interface that the user interacts with
- Code42 service that runs in the background
These two pieces communicate over a local network connection that is built into every computer. When the CrashPlan app starts, the graphical user interface and Code42 service attempt to connect to each other. If they can't connect, the graphical user interface won't start.
Recommended Solutions (All Operating Systems)
The recommendations below apply to all operating systems. These are the resolutions that most often resolve the issue. If these solutions don't resolve the issue, review additional recommendations for your specific operating system below.
Restart The Code42 Service
The first thing to try on all platforms is to restart the Code42 service. If this doesn't resolve the issue, try the recommended solutions below.
Out Of Memory
If you have a large backup selection (more than 1 TB or 1 million files), you may need to allocate more memory to the CrashPlan app. When CrashPlan runs into this memory limit, the Code42 service is not able to run, resulting in the "Unable to connect to backup engine" message. If you have a large file selection backing up, refer to our troubleshooting article on this topic to address the issue.
Uninstall And Reinstall
If you're still having trouble, the next step is to uninstall and reinstall the CrashPlan app.
Check For Port Conflicts
If the Code42 service still does not connect, verify that another application is not already using the required ports. While CrashPlan may not require these ports all of the time, the Code42 service still must prepare them for use.
Recommended Solutions (OS X)
If the recommended solutions for all platforms didn't resolve the problem, try the following recommendations for OS X.
CrashPlan Version 3.6.3
There is a known issue in the 3.6.3 version of the CrashPlan app that impacts systems running Mac OS X with case-sensitive file systems. This issue results in the Unable to connect to the backup engine message upon opening the CrashPlan app. See our troubleshooting guide to resolve the issue.
CrashPlan Version 3.4.1 And Earlier
The CrashPlan app version 3.4.1 and earlier is not compatible with Java 1.7. On October 16, 2012, Apple released an update to Java 1.6 that could cause your computer to use Java 1.7 by default. This WikiHow article can help you determine which version(s) of Java are installed on your computer.
- If you are running Java 1.6, CrashPlan still works.
- If you are running Java 1.6 and Java 1.7, Apple's update defaults to Java 1.7, and CrashPlan no longer works. Refer to our troubleshooting article on this topic to correct the issue.
Recommended Solutions (Windows)
If the recommended solutions for all platforms didn't resolve the problem, try the following recommendations for Windows.
Verify That The Code42 Service Is Enabled
You can verify that the Code42 service enabled from the Microsoft Services menu:
- Open the Start menu.
- Locate and open the Services program:
- Windows 10: Click the Search box, type Services, and press enter.
- Windows Vista, 7, & 8: Type services.msc into the Start menu search bar and press enter.
- Windows XP: Select Run and type "services.msc", then press enter.
- Double-click CrashPlan Backup Service.
The CrashPlan Backup Service Properties window opens.
- Ensure that the Startup Type is set to Automatic.
- If the Start service status button is available, click it to start the Code42 service.
- Click Apply if you made changes to your settings, then close the window.
Failure After Restarting Windows
If the "Unable to connect to backup engine" error returns after each reboot, this is usually caused by a Windows service causing a loopback conflict with the Code42 service at boot. To resolve this, you can delay CrashPlan's startup:
- Open the CrashPlan Backup Service's properties window using the directions above.
- In the General tab, change Automatic to Automatic (delayed start).
- (Windows XP) If the Automatic (delayed start) option is unavailable, click the Recovery tab, and set First failure and Second failure to Restart the Service.
- Click OK.
Recommended Solution (Linux)
If your system language is not set to English when the CrashPlan app is installed, the application starts and backs up but fails to open after rebooting the computer. To ensure that the CrashPlan app is able to open after rebooting:
- Uninstall the CrashPlan app.
- Change the Linux system language to English.
Consult the documentation for your Linux distribution for instructions on changing the system language.
- Install the CrashPlan app.
- Change the Linux system language back to your language.
CrashPlan will open normally.
Manually starting the Code42 service after rebooting your computer will allow you to open the CrashPlan app.
Using this method to start the Code42 service will not persist after restarting the computer and will have to be reapplied after every restart.